The second quarter began on a positive note as a sense of normalcy returned to global markets and investors seemed to favor fundamentals over central bank decisions. In the U.S., markets continued to stabilize, sustaining a trend witnessed near the end of the first quarter. However, global markets were mixed as investors struggled with slowing growth in China and concern with Britain’s potential exit (“Brexit”) from the European Union (“E.U”). In early June, signs of negative investor sentiment began to creep into global markets. In the U.S., a weaker-than-expected jobs report shaped investors’ uncertainty on the health of the economy and greatly reduced any chance of a rate hike in June. Globally, while headline risk surrounding the Brexit vote dominated global news, volatilities were muted and correlations were stable. As it became clear that the “Leave” party would be victorious, an extreme market reaction proceeded. In the two days following the Brexit, global markets lost an estimated $3 trillion as investors grappled with the potential Brexit implications for the European Union and markets globally. After reeling from the initial spike in volatility, markets rebounded, and in some cases, even surpassed pre-Brexit levels.
For the quarter ended June 30, 2016, domestic equities outperformed global equities as measured by the S&P 500 (+2.5%) and MSCI ACWI ex U.S. (-0.4%) respectively. Fixed income assets continued their upward trend with another strong quarter. Notably, emerging market debt ended the quarter up over 5% as measured by the JPMorgan Emerging Market Bond Index. Elsewhere in fixed income, returns were strong for emerging market sovereign debt, global high-yield, global government bonds, and U.S. bonds. Commodities continued to climb in the second quarter, bolstered by a significant increase in oil prices due primarily to a decrease in global supply. REITs continued their strong performance as fundamentals remained favorable and demand continued to outpace supply in most property sectors and geographic regions, leading to an increase in the sector.
Britain’s decision to exit the European Union led to a sharp rise in volatility. The Brexit now opens the door for other countries like Spain and Greece to weigh their options and brings into question the long-term viability of the European Union. These macro concerns, coupled with the presidential election in the U.S., should lead to increasing fragility across global markets. Given these uncertainties, we expect that global monetary policy will remain accommodative moving into the third quarter of 2016 as central banks do what they can to support global markets.